Rota (Oath)

Prussia's Kaiser Wilhelm managed to bring all of the German states outside of the Austrian Empire under his control in 1870. His next step in his consolidation of power was an attempt to germanize all of his subjects and destroy the influence of the Catholic Church in Bavaria, Rhineland, Alsace-Lorraine and the Polish regions of his realm. Here is the Polish response to Kaiser Wilhelm's Kulturkampf ("Culture Struggle') of 1871-1878.

Dennis Benarz, Chicagoland USA 2010