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600 - The Mounds of Krakus and Wanda are built in Krakow

850 - 1000 City walls are erected around the settlement of
Wislanie people at Saint
Martin's Mountain at Tarnow. The influence of Tarnow extends to the Wisloka River.

966 - Duke Mieszko I converts to Christianity and marries Dabrowka of Bohemia . He
paganism with  Roman Catholicism as the religion of the new realm of
          Poland.  The era of  modern
Poland begins.
985 - Ibrahim Ibn Jakub of Cordoba describes Krakow as a thriving city located at a crossing
          of trade routes surrounded by forests.

Villages grow in the Sandomierz Forest near Pilzno and Debica. Chronology.

1241 - Krakow is nearly destroyed in the first of three Mongol invasions (
1241, 1257,
             1287).  Cattle and chattel are reported stolen from Debica in one of the three Tartar
1275 - The parish at Straszecin is formed and a wooden church erected.
1293 - Duke Leszek the Black (Leska Czarnego) endows the settlement of "Dembicha" to
             the Gryfit family

1318 - The first church, dedicated to Sts. Hedwig and Margaret,  is erected in Debica.
1327 -  The decanate of Debica includes the parishes of
Brzeznica, Lubzina, Przeclaw,
Straszecin, Zdziarzec and seven others.
1328 - Benedictine  Abbott Michal in Tyniec issues a charter allowing a Mr. Urs to establish a
             town "Pilsno".
1346-1353 - The Great Plague, also known as The Black Death, sweeps through southern
             and western Europe killing up to 50% of the urban populations there. When the Jews
            are blamed and persecuted, King Kazimierz Wielki invites them to Poland and declares
            them to be "a people of the king". Few cases of plague are reported in Poland.
1354 - King Kazimierz the Great issues a charter for
1358 - King Kazimierz the Great issues foundation privileges for
Debica to Swietoslaw Gryfita.
1358 - The parish of
Dobrkow is established.
1372 - Swietoslaw Gryfita empowers Mikolaj of
Lipiny to oversee Debica
1395 - Union of Krewo. By their marriage, Queen Jadwiga and Archduke Jagiello unite the
            Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The Jagiellonian Dynasty begins.

1407-1418 Mateusz of Glowaczowa, also known as Ulricus de Glowaczow and Ulricus de
            Strassicz, is a professor at Univerzity Karlovy, College of Law, in Prague.
1474 - Pilzno is burned by a Hungarian army in a brief Polish-Hungarian war.
1476 -
Jan of Kolno is the first Pole to sail to North America. He is followed by Franciszek
             Warrnadowicz in 1492.

1511 - The
church dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary is built at Straszecin, replacing an
             earlier parish church built in the late 13th Century.
1544 - Fire destroys much of Debica
1569 - Union of Lublin. The Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania form the
              Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1573 - The Golden Liberty. New concepts in government are instituted in the Polish-
             Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1596 - The Union of Brest. The Orthodox metropolitan of Kiev together with many Orthodox
              bishops agree to end their schism with Rome thus expanding the Greek Rite of the
              Catholic Church.
1599 -
Stara Jastrzabka becomes a separate parish from Zasow Parish.

1608 - First Polish emigrants arrive in North America at
1678 - Debica records 700 inhabitants

1705 - Fire badly damages
St. Jadwiga Church in Debica
1711 -
Statue of St. Cajetanus is erected at the Przyborow in Glowaczowa.
1772 - Southern Poland becomes
Galicia, a crownland of Austria, in the First Partition of
             Poland. Austria receives 2100 square miles and 4,275,000 new subjects that were
             formerly Polish. Galicia
1783 - Johann van Duval (ks. Jana Duwalla) is named the first bishop of the Diocese of
Tarnow, which was separated from Krakow in 1772. The new diocese covers 19,633
             sq. kilometers, 371 parishes, and 1,147,467 parishioners.
1793-1795 - Tadeusz Kosciusko fails to restore Polish sovereignty

1831 - Asiatic cholera epidemic sweeps Galicia
1846 - Local peasant farmers attack nobles planning a
revolt to free Galicia from Austrian
             rule. Manors are burned and nobles murdered in
Zasow and Straszecin Parishes in
Debica-Pilzno area.
1847 - Typhus and cholera outbreaks occur in Galicia
1853-1855 - A period termed by some as "the Great Famine"
1854 - The "Great Cholera" occurs
1856 - The Archduke Karol Ludwik Railroad, passing through
Czarna, Glowaczowa, and
Grabiny,  is completed at Debica. The line connects Krakow to Lwow.
1862 - The parish at
Nagoszyn is established.
1873 - The "Little Cholera" occurs.
1882 - The new elementery
school opens in Straszecin. Gora Motyczna has 731 residents.
1884 - The parish at
Lubcza is established.

1914-1918 - Galicia enters
the Great War as part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.
1919 - Poland's sovereignty is restored.
1939-1944 -  Deprivation, death, and duty during
wartime occupation by Germany.
1945 - The liberating Soviet Red Army torches the church at
1946-1952 - The parish
church at Straszecin is rebuilt.
1945-1950 - Manors across Poland, including the
Przyborow in Glowaczowa, are nationalized
             by the communist government.
Dennis Benarz, Chicagoland USA 2002-2009
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII, 1911, Edmund Kolodziejczyk.
  • Slownik Geograficzny, Warsaw, 1895, entries translated by William F. Hoffman,
    Grace Skowron, and Dennis Benarz
  • Polish Genealogical Society of America, Chicago IL, 2001. 
Background Music: Frederik Chopin, Opus 10, 3
Sources include: